School Logo School Logo

Throston Primary School

A Flying Start to Success

Area of Learning and Development

The Prime Areas

The prime areas are the basis for successful learning in the other four specific areas. The prime areas reflect the key skills which your child needs to develop and learn effectively and continue to be fundamental throughout the EYFS.


Communication and language

Communication and language is made up of the following aspects:

  • Listening and attention
  • Understanding
  • Speaking


At Throston, we provide a varied language environment. The children are given many opportunities to listen to stories, songs and rhymes, using books, puppets, story sacks and pictures to encourage active participation. Planned activities enable the children to follow instructions involving several ideas or actions and answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences. Through these activities, your child will learn to speak and listen in a range of situations, developing their confidence and skills in expressing themselves. We also have a lending library where your child is able to choose a book which they can then share with you at home.


Physical Development

Physical development is made up of the following aspects:

  • Moving and handling
  • Health and self-care


At Throston, we plan activities to help children to develop their control and co-ordination in large and small movements such as jumping, climbing, handling construction tools and pencils.


Children also participate in activities to help to develop their understanding of the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food. They are encouraged to manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing themselves and going to the toilet independently.


As part of curriculum enrichment, Nursery organises a weekly dance class and Reception have a dedicated PE session, both of which take place in the School Hall. This is to help the Reception children’s transition in to Year 1. Details of the PE kit can be found in the school prospectus.



Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Personal, social and emotional development is made up of the following aspects:

  • Self-confidence and self-awareness
  • Managing feelings and behaviour
  • Making relationships


Using ‘Circle Time’ activities and the ‘Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning’ materials, children participate in talking and sharing activities which will help them to develop a positive sense of

themselves and others; respect for others; social skills and a positive disposition to learn.


We have a range of resources including puppets, dolls, books and photographs which encourage children to explore and manage their own feelings and to understand appropriate behaviour

when interacting in groups.


Your child will have experience of group activities where they learn to share and take turns, as well

as explore their ideas about friendship.


Children within Early Years are also given the opportunity to take home a Nursery/class soft toy. The parents/carers are encouraged to write in the toy’s diary so that on the following day the child is able to share that experience in a safe, relaxed setting with their friends in school. This is one of the ways in which children begin to appreciate the links that can be shared between home and school.


The specific areas.

The specific areas include essential skills and knowledge for children to participate successfully

in society.



Literacy is made up of the following aspects:

  • Reading
  • Writing


Within the Early Years Village, we provide an environment rich in print and books, both fiction and non-fiction, to enable the children to develop their early literacy skills. Children throughout the school are taught phonics (letter sounds) via the ‘Letters and Sounds’ resource which is recommended by the

Government. Alongside this, we use a nationally recognised scheme called ‘Jolly Phonics’. This

facilitates children in learning actions to accompany letters. These strategies enable children to develop and use their phonic knowledge to both read and write words.


At Throston, we provide many planned opportunities to help the children to develop the necessary skills required which will then enable them to practice both reading and writing letters. This will lead them to be able to put together simple words and sentences.


Nursery – children participate in daily speaking and listening activities which encourage general

sound discrimination (environmental sounds, instrumental sounds and body percussion), rhythm

and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and oral blending and segmenting.


Reception – children participate in daily phonics teaching. They learn letter sounds, how to blend 2 or 3 sounds to read words, how to segment 2 or 3 sounds to spell words, how to read and remember ‘tricky’ words and towards the end of Reception how to read and spell longer words (words with 4 sounds).



Mathematics is made up of the following aspects:

  • Numbers
  • Shape, space and measures


At Throston we help your child to know and use numbers and counting in play, and eventually recognise and use numbers reliably. We provide real life mathematical opportunities for your child to develop mathematical ideas and to solve meaningful problems.


We support your child to develop an awareness of the relationship between numbers and amounts and know that numbers can be combined to be ‘added together’ and can be separated by ‘taking away’ and that two or more amounts can be compared.


Activities are also provided to help your child to develop their use of mathematical language to talk about size, shape, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems.


Your child’s knowledge and experiences will help them to develop ideas and solve mathematical problems.


Understanding the World

Understanding the world is made up of the following aspects:

  • People and communities
  • The world
  • Technology


At Throston, we encourage your child in developing their knowledge, skills and understanding that help them to make sense of the world.


Planned activities guide the children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore similarities and differences in relation to people, places, technology and the environment. They will have the opportunity to investigate plants, animals and mini beasts using first hand experiences gained through our garden and the use of external visitors to the school.


Children are encouraged to talk about appropriate past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members. A range of resources including books, photographs, figures, film clips and artefacts from other cultures will give your child an awareness of different communities in the world.


The school is very well resourced with ICT equipment and your child will have access to appropriate resources throughout the whole of the school environment as well as the Early Years, including the use of the iMacs within the ICT Suite.


Expressive Arts and Design

Expressive arts and design is made up of the following aspects:

  • Exploring and using media and materials
  • Being imaginative


At Throston we extend your child’s creativity by supporting their curiosity, exploration and play.


Your child will sing songs, make music and dance, and experiment with ways of creating their own.

Through a range of activities, both adult led and child initiated, they will use and explore a variety

of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function.


Opportunities are provided for your child to use what they have learnt about media and materials

in original ways, thinking about uses and purposes. They are given opportunities to represent their own ideas, thoughts and feelings through design and technology, art, music, dance, role-play and stories.

remember ‘tricky’ words and towards the end of Reception how to read and spell longer words (words with 4 sounds).