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Throston Primary School

A Flying Start to Success


Pupils should extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include

the United Kingdom and Europe and North America. This will include the location

and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features.

They should develop their use of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to

enhance their locational and place knowledge.

Locational knowledge

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of

Russia) and North America, concentrating on their environmental regions,

key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities

Place knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and

physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, and a region within North America

Human and physical geography

  • describe and understand key aspects of:
  • physical geography, including: climate zones and biomes
  • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity

including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy,

food, minerals and water

Geographical skills and fieldwork

  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and

describe features studied

  • use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key

(including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United

Kingdom and the wider world

  • use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical

features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and

graphs, and digital technologies.